- Category: General Dentistry
Causes of Gum Disease
There are several known causes of gum disease that can be controlled and corrected. Below we have listed some of the primary contributors to the development of gingivitis and periodontal disease.
Poor dental hygiene: Plaque is a colorless biofilm that likes to attach itself to the surfaces teeth which, if not removed, will harden within 48 hours forming tartar. Plaque that is allowed to remain will accumulate in the tiny gaps between the teeth as well as the gingival grooves, and in the margins of removable dental appliances known as ‘plaque traps.’ These tiny collections of colorless biofilm may seem trivial. However, the bacteria within the biofilm produce toxins which trigger the painful inflammatory response in the gum tissue. Plaque can easily be removed with daily brushing and flossing. Tartar must be professionally removed by name ( Dentist) or dental hygienist.
Changes in hormones: Changes in metabolism, hormone levels brought on by puberty, pregnancy, and menopause can negatively impact the mouth’s oral balance, making teeth and gums more vulnerable to gum disease.
Medications: Certain medications may be accompanied by oral side effects such as dry mouth syndrome which will disrupt the flow of saliva and promote the development of periodontitis. As we age, our saliva flow is reduced which can cause older patients to be more susceptible to gum disease. Some medications also produce the overgrowth of gingival tissue which cause the gums to be more susceptible to bacteria along with gum disease.
Grinding: Clenching or grinding the teeth can cause damage to the surrounding gum tissue and may contribute to the development of periodontal disease.
Medical Conditions: Health conditions, such as diabetes and kidney disease, affect the body’s ability to produce sugar which can contribute to the development of gum disease. There is a correlation between health problems such as stroke, diabetes, heart attack and periodontitis.